Excision biopsy is a diagnostic and potentially therapeutic surgical procedure. It consists of the complete removal of a lesion that is located in the oral cavity. This procedure can be used to diagnose and remove a variety of oral lesions, including tumours, cysts, ulcers, and other growths or abnormalities.
Type of Oral Lesions:
Polyps: Oral polyps are growths that occur on the mouth, throat, or tongue lining. They are often benign but can sometimes indicate a more severe condition. Polyps can be removed through an excision biopsy, with the tissue sample sent for histological evaluation. Further treatment may be recommended depending on the results.
Mucous cysts (mucocele): Mucous cysts are tiny, fluid-filled sacs that often develop on the lips, tongue, or floor of the mouth. They are usually benign and can be caused by trauma or damage to the minor salivary glands. Excision biopsy can diagnose and remove the mucous cysts if they are causing discomfort or interfering with oral function.
Epulis: Epulis is a term used to describe any non-cancerous growth that occurs in the gum tissue. They develop due to chronic exposure to irritants, such as orthodontic brackets, dentures, fillings that do not fit properly, and even tartar build-up. Excision biopsy can remove the growth and determine if further treatment is necessary.